Nutrition & Health
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Date Posted: 21 February 2019
Most runners don’t need an excuse to grab their next set of kicks. But did you know that alternating between pairs of running shoes has a bunch of benefits, including fewer injuries?
Yep, a 2015 study confirmed that rotating between running shoes reduces your risk of injury.
Having a few pairs of shoes on the go also means you’re more likely to be ready for different runs. Here’s how to choose your shoes:
If you’re spending time off-road, your feet will thank you for your investment in some quality trail shoes.
Trail shoes are durable, grippy and protect your feet from errant roots and gravel. Choose shoes with your preferred cushion profile. Research hasn’t provided any conclusive answers regarding whether barefoot/minimalist or cushioned shoes are better for you - so it’s all about your preference and finding a pair you'll be happy to wear.
Trail shoes are optimised for specific types of trails, so study the product descriptions and choose shoes that match the terrain you’ll be training on.
For more details, see our guide to choosing trail and hiking shoes.
Road shoes are relatively lightweight, durable and have varying amounts of cushion and support. The longer you run, the more cushioning will benefit you, as it softens the impact of each footfall, placing less strain on your joints. Even though I’m a fan of minimalist shoes, I always step up the cushion for longer runs on pavement or roads.
Some runners swear that retiring their long run shoes for shorter sessions after the 400 km mark is a lifesaver for their legs. If you’re feeling more fatigued on your long runs, try transitioning in a new long distance pair.
Advanced runners use lightweight racing shoes to minimise weight on race day or during speed workouts. They aren’t as durable or protective as your everyday road or trail shoes, but they sure are fast.
Runners who are starting to advance in their training can benefit from racing shoes for their speed workouts too, but they’re not essential for beginners.
There’s no hard and fast rule as to how long shoes should last you. There’s an adage about 400 miles (or 650km) being the sweet spot for shoes. But I had a pair of Altra Provisions that I got more than 1,000km out of (before I had a toenail incident that scared me out of ever putting them back on).
Following these guidelines will help you stay comfortable during the transition:
Minimalist shoes have either zero or very little drop (millimetres of difference between the height of the toes and heel in the shoe) and minimal cushioning and support. You need to be even more careful if you’re transitioning to minimalist shoes.
Transitioning to minimalist running shoes means slowly decreasing the drop in your shoes (try switching to shoes that have 6-8 mm, then to 4mm, then to zero) and gradually increasing the distance you run in them. Start out running only 10% of your usual distance in your new shoes (run the rest in your old shoes). The first time you run in low drop shoes, your calves may hurt, as barefoot running relies on strength in muscles you may not be using much already. Focus on your form, rather than speed, as you run (land softly on your forefoot, don't overstride). Let your legs recover between each session and increase the distance in your new shoes as your calf muscles strengthen. Overdoing it can put you on the fast track to injury, so it’s well-worth taking your time.
Check out our Shoe Advisor to find the perfect shoes for your rotation. It takes the factors laid out in this article into consideration and produces a list of shoes tailored for you.